History Girls











Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who studied under Plato and taught Alexander the Great. He is know as one of the founding fathers of Western philosophy and covered many subjects in his teachings. In this excerpt from ‘The Politics of Aristotle, Book 2’, his discuses the social status of Spartan women.

From: http://ping.fm/ogIZk

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If women in developing countries are given control over their resources and given credit for the work they do, they will not need the security that having so many children brings. Instead they will have a credible social status and control over their education, employment, and family size.

When women have an equal share in earnings, independence, and freedom, they can live peacefully with men and will have fewer children by choice without being limited directly in their reproduction rates. Finally, the children they do have will hopefully be formally educated so that they too will have choices in their life and will not be restricted by their social status.

This type of change will not only require a change in the status of women, but also in the economic development of these countries. If the economy is given the opportunity to develop, couples will earn money and be able to bring their families out of poverty. This will then give them the ability to develop social status through the goods they possess rather than the number of children they have. This is what Mary Douglas refers to as “oysters and champagne….

From: http://ping.fm/uzVCD



The start of the inscription of the law code of Babylonian ruler Hammurabi, where he describes his own greatness.

From: http://ping.fm/JqAWH



{December 21, 2010}   Primary Sourcebook | World History

The Primary sourcebook, a collection of first hand histroical accounts

From: http://ping.fm/8G1oR



Elizabeth Garrett was born in Whitechapel, east London, one of the 12 children of a pawnbroker. During her childhood her father became a successful businessman, enabling him to send his children to good schools.

After school she was expected to marry well and live the life of a lady. However meetings with the feminist Emily Davies and Elizabeth Blackwell, the first American woman physician, convinced Elizabeth Garrett that she should become a doctor.

From: http://ping.fm/gfycn



The high-heeled shoe, or a shoe whose heel is higher than the toe, is a matter of contentious and heated discussion.

Shoes in general have typically served as markers of gender, class, race, and ethnicity–and both the foot and the shoe have been imbued with powerful phallic and fertility symbols as evidenced in the contemporary practice of tying shoes to a newlywed couple’s car.

No other shoe, however, has gestured toward leisure, sexuality, and sophistication as much as the high-heeled shoe. Fraught with contradiction, heels paradoxically inhibit movement in order to increase it, at least in appearance……

From: http://ping.fm/Y9dIu



In Linlithgow Palace in Scotland, a daughter is born to James V, the dying king of Scotland. Named Mary, she was the only surviving child of her father and ascended to the Scottish throne when the king died just six days after her birth.

Mary’s French-born mother, Mary of Guise, sent her to be raised in the French court, and in 1558 she married the French dauphin, who became King Francis II of France in 1559 and died in 1560. After Francis’ death, Mary returned to Scotland to assume her designated role as the country’s monarch.

Mary’s great-uncle was Henry VIII, the Tudor king of England, and in 1565 she married her English cousin Lord Darnley, another Tudor, which reinforced her claim to the English throne. This greatly angered the current English monarch, Queen Elizabeth I.

From: http://ping.fm/or42e



Matilda is the Latin form of Maud, and the name of the only surviving legitimate child of King Henry I. She was born in 1101, generally it is said at Winchester, but recent research indicates that she was actually born at the Royal Palace in Sutton Courtenay (Berkshire).

In something of a political coup for her father, Matilda was betrothed to the German Emperor, Henry V, when she was only eight. They were married on 7th January 1114. She was twelve and he was thirty-two. Unfortunately there were no children and on the Emperor’s death in 1125, Matilda was recalled to her father’s court.

Matilda’s only legitimate brother had been killed in the disastrous Wreck of the White Ship in late 1120 and she was now her father’s only hope for the continuation of his dynasty. The barons swore allegiance to the young Princess and promised to make her queen after her father’s death. She herself needed heirs though and in April 1127, Matilda found herself obliged to marry Prince Geoffrey of Anjou and Maine (the future Geoffrey V, Count of those Regions)……….

From: http://ping.fm/whzNk



{December 1, 2010}   Arsinoe II (316 B.C.-217 B.C)

Arsinoe (are-SIN-oh-uh) was born in Macedonia, the northern Greek province which had expanded under Alexander the Great to dominate much of the Mediterranean world.

Because no single leader was influential enough to take Alexander’s place, upon his death the kingdom was divided among his generals. Arsinoe’s father, Ptolemy, received one of the prize pieces: Egypt and Libya.

He and his family settled in Alexandria, the great new city set on a ridge in the Nile Delta. Here Arsinoe probably received a finishing-school education. At sixteen, Arsinoe was married to Lysimachus, a 45-year-old military leader from the Greek province of Thrace.

Thrace had often rebelled against Macedonian domination, and after Alexander’s death it tried again. Arsinoe’s father no doubt arranged this marriage to make Thrace an ally. For fifteen years Arsinoe lived the relatively stable life of an upper-class military wife…..

From: http://ping.fm/TETBl



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