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{February 27, 2011}   The French Constitution of 1793

French Kiss

The French Constitution of 1793, also known as the Montagnard Constitution, was put in place to bring civil liberties to the people and instigated the First Republic of the French Revolution. Though it was suspended a few months later in favor of “revolutionary government . . . until the peace” as a result of the ongoing conflicts, the democratic ideologies that it laid out were an inspiration to the development later forms of democratic government.

ON CITIZENSHIP

The following are admitted to exercise the rights of French citizenship:
Every man born and domiciled in France, fully twenty-one years of age;
Every foreigner, fully twenty-one years of age, who, domiciled in France for one year:
And lives there by his labor,
Or acquires property,
Or marries a French woman,
Or adopts a child,
Or supports an elderly person;
Finally, every foreigner who is considered by the legislative body to be deserving of being treated humanely.

The exercise of the rights of citizenship is lost:
By naturalization in a foreign country;
By the acceptance of offices or favors emanating from a government that is not of the people;
By sentencing with punishments that are dishonorable or strip the party of his civil rights, until rehabilitation.

The exercise of the rights of citizenship is suspended:
By status of indictment;
By sentencing in absentia, until such sentence is revoked.

Read more on The Primary Sourcebook

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