History Girls











The Attack by Fire

1. Sun Tzu said: There are five ways of attacking with fire.

1. The first is to burn soldiers in their camp;
2. the second is to burn stores;
3. the third is to burn baggage trains;
4. the fourth is to burn arsenals and magazines;
5. the fifth is to hurl dropping fire amongst the enemy.

From: http://ping.fm/Bwvjp



{April 4, 2011}   Music

There are an enormous number of musicians and dancers depicted in temples and tombs from all periods of Egypt’s dynastic history. Miraculously hundreds of these instruments have survived and were recovered from their ancient tombs.

These priceless ancient instruments have found homes in museums and private collections around the world. Many of these instruments have survived because they were individually wrapped in cloths and preserved in the same tradition as the mummification of their deceased.

From: http://ping.fm/jbwfK



Theodora lived in an era of huge changes in the church, language and statehood. What had been Roman was about to become Byzantine, and the eastern regions around Syria, the Levant and Egypt were clamouring to use their own languages, hinting at self-determination. Just 20 years after Theodora’s death the Prophet Muhammad would be born.

From: http://ping.fm/mvFd2



Thomas More was made Lord Chancellor by Henry VIII after the downfall of his predecessor, Cardinal Wolsey. More was famed for his honesty and integrity and was an avid supporter of Papal authority of the church. It was this belief that would lead to his own downfall as he consistently refused to acknowledge Henry VIII’s claim as supreme head of the Church.

From: http://ping.fm/Mqe14



In his book, ‘De Excidio Britanniae’ or ‘Concerning the Ruin of Britain’ Gildas Bandonicus, a British monk denounces the evil ways of the Celtic people of his time. Written in the 540’s, it is by far the most comprehensive primary source from the time of the Anglo-Saxon invasion of Britain.

From: http://ping.fm/OqBA6



The romance between Mark Antony and Cleopatra is legendary and ended in 30 BCE with the star-crossed lovers committing joint suicide to avoid capture by their enemies. In 41 BCE, Antony, joint leader of the Roman Empire, summoned Cleopatra for a meet to discuss her supplying funds for a war he wanted to wage with the Parthian Empire (North-Eastern Iran).

From: http://ping.fm/ET3nd



This is the petition of John Proctor and his associates, a group of convicted witchs awaiting execution during the Salem Witch Trials….

From: http://ping.fm/WLaUv



The Argonautica is the tale of the Greek hero Jason and his companions the Argonauts who go in search of the Golden Fleece, a seemingly impossible task given to him by King Peleas. The myth was written as a poem in the third century BCE by Apollonius of Rhodes; here, we join Jason and the Argonauts at the start of book two, where they meet the king of the Bebrycians, who is spoiling for a fight…

From: http://ping.fm/7VEMh



In 1244, Jerusalem was re-captured by Muslim forces compelling the king of France, Louis IX, to launch the Seventh Crusade four years later. The campaign was a shambles, the Crusaders were soundly beaten in the Battle of Al Mansurah which took place in Egypt in 1250 and the king along with many of his leading nobles were captured and ransomed. The battle was recorded by chronicler Jean de Joinville….

From: http://ping.fm/9GpSL



Johann Burchard was a Vatican Master of Ceremonies from 1483 – 1506. His job was to ensure the correct procedures were performed on official Papal ceremonies and he kept a diary of his duties. In this extract from 1503, he describes what happened to the body of Pope Alexander VI before he was finally laid to rest.

From: http://ping.fm/V3Fcr



et cetera